We all make mistakes. Once bitten twice shy? Unfortunately, that does not hold when it comes to thinking. We do not recognize thinking errors as such. By thinking about how you think you can avoid these mistakes.
Your brain loves shortcuts. Finding answers takes time, time you can use for many other purposes. The downside of shortcuts is that they can – and often will – give you the wrong answer. Below you find seven common mistakes.
Tying the wrong concepts together
- Confusing causation and correlation: When two things happen at the same moment, or when one thing happens just before the other, the conclusion that the one caused the other is easily made. Yet both events can be caused by something else as was evident in Brasil when the first efforts were implemented to roll out the Internet in that country (beware: the article is in Portuguese). Rain and lightning go together, but there is no causal relation.
- Over-generalization: what is true for one is not per se true for all. If you and three of your friends enjoyed a day at the beach, it does not mean everybody likes that. And the fact that some people committed fraud is no reason to believe everyone does (it is a reason to be cautious though).
- Nothing happened – yet: evidence is needed to be sure something happened, but lack of evidence can also mean there is no evidence yet. If nothing happened in the past this is no guarantee nothing will ever happen. Stating that you have never been in a car accident is no reason not to wear seatbelts.
Women are constantly bombarded on what they can do to prevent breast cancer. However, there is no definitive known way to prevent the disease. One in eight women in the United States will develop some form of breast cancer.
I had the opportunity to sit down and talk to several medical experts to address a few common breast cancer myths. I spoke with Renee Stubbins, a well-known dietician at the Methodist Cancer Center in Houston.
Myth: Mammograms cause breast cancer
Fact: Annual screenings are the key to finding breast cancer early. Mammograms are currently the best screening tools for finding breast cancer. They use extremely low doses of radiation for making very detailed images of a woman’s breast.
The code that regulates Mammography Quality Standards was defined by the ACR (The American College of Radiology and enacted into law by Congress to safeguard rigorous and mandatory guidelines for using x-ray treatment safely during mammography.
Domestic violence is everyone’s business. Maybe you know someone who has faced domestic violence. Maybe you have experienced it yourself.
Or maybe you think that domestic violence is simply wrong, and you want to do something about it. In the following video, Leslie Morgan Steiner is talking about why domestic violence victims don’t leave:
On the other hand, the good news is domestic violence is a problem we can solve. There are things that each and every one of us can do to help.
With estimates ranging from 960,000 incidents of domestic violence annually to three million women who are physically abused by their husbands or boyfriends per year, it is time to take action. You can help by placing a banner or write about this problem to educate your audience.
Some websites include this kind of questions in their very popular standardized practice tests. These questions, integrated into the quiz, raise awareness about the devastating but preventable social problem in a natural way.
Improving community and system responses to children and their families are key objectives of the FVPF (“Family Violence Prevention Fund”)children’s program.
A good example of the things we do and the necessity of our initiatives is illustrated in this 2009 Carol Wilson Spigner video. Carol is a Clinical Educator and an Associate Professor at the University of Pennsylvania’s School of Social Policy & Practice. Listen to her testifying about the topics “How To Prevent Child Abuse” and “How To Improve Our Response To Families in Crises”:
As a nation, we face the challenge of developing enhanced community action strategies and service interventions to provide security and safety for all members of a family and prevent the problems of child abuse and violence against so many women from re-occurring.
Our website provides online resources for safety and women and aims to improve community and system responses to children and their families are key objectives of the children’s program.
As a nation, we face the challenge of developing enhanced service interventions and community action strategies that will work to provide safety and security for all family members and prevent the problems of child abuse and violence against women from re-occurring.
Through a myriad of projects including qualitative research with survivors and activists, community organizing efforts, and groundbreaking work to engage fathers, our organization listens to families in order to create viable strategies for changing the social and institutional norms that perpetuate family violence.
For too long our services have polarized families from each other and their communities- we are working with many batterer intervention programs, domestic violence programs, child welfare organizations, and community agencies while forming successful collaborations and building partnerships with these groups of professionals to promote healthy and safe families.
Domestic violence is a healthcare issue. The Dept. of Justice has reported that almost 40 percent of the women that were seeking care in emergency rooms of hospitals and clinics for violence-related inflicted injuries were in fact injured by a former or current boyfriend, girlfriend, or spouse.
This puts healthcare providers in a unique position to help victims of abuse if they know how to detect domestic violence and provide victims with referrals and support. But, all too often, healthcare providers will not discuss domestic abuse or sexual assault with the patients or even don’t screen a patient for signs of domestic violence. Fewer than ten percent of primary care physicians routinely screen patients for domestic violence during regular office visits, according to a study published by the Journal of the American Medical Association.
Immigrant & Refugee Women’s Rights Project
Helping immigrant women become their own advocates may be the best and only sustainable way to address the needs of immigrant women survivors of abuse. This Immigrant Women Rights Project is recognizing the unique challenges that immigrant women face as they are struggling for safety in our country.
This program is educating women about the rights they have and will help them with developing their leadership skills so that they may get involved in changing the policies that are affecting them. When they become emerging and committed leaders, they may well play a crucial role in supporting and educating other women, informing agencies and institutions about their specific needs, demanding access to public services, and instruction other women on how to best address and deal with sexual assault and domestic violence.